Reducing marine debris by 2030: UN panel

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New Delhi, Nov 18 | Reducing marine debris by 50-90 per cent and a globe circling, high-tech system of monitors are two essential aims among several championed by nine distinguished international experts appointed to help the United Nations reach the goal of a clean ocean by 2030.

The Clean Ocean International Expert Group of the UN Decade for Ocean Science for Sustainable Development will formally present its short list of activities and goals, and a strategy to reach them in a “manifesto” at the outset of a three-day online conference on achieving a clean ocean that will conclude on November 19.

Co-chaired by Angelika Brandt of Germany, a southern ocean and Antarctica biodiversity expert, and Elva Escobar Briones of Mexico, a deep sea biodiversity expert, the group concisely outlines “the challenges and some of the opportunities that the Ocean Decade can provide for a clean ocean.”

The statement charts the most direct route to a clean ocean citing these objectives for 2030: Enlarge understanding of pathways for spread and fate of pollutants, reduce and remove top-priority forms of pollution (e.g. marine debris) by large amounts, as much as 50 to 90 per cent and to prevent recurrence, reduce sources or emission of pollutants (e.g. anthropogenic noise, discarded plastic and harmful chemicals, farming practices adding harmful sediment outflow).

With such a framework agreed and in place, specific objectives can be identified and efforts activated, with targets and timetables similar in scope and character to next spring’s anticipated world agreement to protect 30 per cent of the marine environment by 2030, and the completion of high-resolution mapping of the seabed also by 2030.

The expert group underlined that, “This process should aim to define and attract financial and other support to meet an initial set of goals for 2025, followed by goals for the end of the Ocean Decade in 2030.”

And they set out examples of nearer term objectives for 2025. These include quantify the global harm of marine pollution from all major sources on ecosystems and organisms and on human health; assessment methods need to take into account multiple stressors; and survey the totality of anthropogenic chemicals flowing into the oceans.

“By 2030 we want to achieve measurable improvement in monitoring and clear reduction of emissions and harm through a spectrum of technical and behavioral strategies,” the group says.

The three-day online conference will highlight more than 30 activities in place or in development around the world that can make important contributions by 2030 to a clean ocean.

These include initiatives to: Successfully and consistently monitor marine debris from space as part of an Integrated Global Marine Debris Observing System; operate deep sea observatories in the Atlantic that document and publicize multiple stressors; and observe the vast southern ocean to give early warnings of possible pollution hot spots in this relatively pristine ocean.

The manifesto, which presents the signatories’ views and not official positions of their respective institutions, is also directed at other groups such as the High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy, the Economist magazine World Ocean Initiative, and the World Ocean Council.

The group plans to share its manifesto with other expert groups, national committees, and with endorsed projects and programmes of the UN Ocean Decade to speed up development of a strong set of Clean Ocean activities.

Lead author Jesse Ausubel, Director of the Program for the Human Environment at The Rockefeller University, New York City, says: “We want this decade to transition from increasing to decreasing the environmental problems of the oceans.”

Source: IANS

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Go Unique Brings Attractive Blouse Designs - gounique.in

Go Unique Brings Attractive Blouse Designs - gounique.in

Go Unique brings attractive blouse designs that make you feel gorgeous and charming.

Celebrate the beautiful you and win everyone’s heart on your wedding day with Go Unique’s exclusive bridal blouse collection.

Saree defines the tradition and culture of Indian women. It narrates the story of the evolution of rich Indian culture from the ages of royal kings to the new digital India. Go Unique was launched with a vision to take this rich fashion heritage of India forward.

True to our name, we design unique blouse patterns that are traditional yet elegant and marvellous. We have a wide collection of exquisite blouse patterns ranging from zari work, embroidery, aari work, mirror work, brocade blouses, embellished patterns and maggam work.

The model wearing our dazzling aari work cotton silk blouse is just a glimpse of our fine bridal collection. Our unique and creative designs are one in a million pieces that is impossible to find anywhere else. From animal motifs, jewellery embroidery, beads, pearls to designer boutique blouses, you get appealing blouses that make you look graceful. Celebrate your day with our finely detailed and rich quality royal blouses and create moments for eternity.

Avirup Majumder and Sreya Kar envisioned the idea to launch a brand that especially tends to the fashion needs of women. Go Unique is based in the lovely city of Kolkata, West Bengal. We understand your fashion sense and design blouses that you can wear confidently making the heads turn as you walk in everywhere.

Be it traditional, bridal, Indo-western, designer, contemporary or semi-traditional, at Go Unique you will get the perfect blouse to pair with your saree. We have a dedicated team of fashion enthusiasts that go one step beyond to come up with out of the box designs to steal your hearts. Go Unique is the sole designer and manufacturer of enticing blouses that is an art piece on its own.

Being a fashion store that focuses on redefining the blouse designs in India, we are committed to our ethics. We value our customers and honour their trust in us. Go Unique uses high-quality fabric, precious threads, stones, beads and pearls for detailing to offer you premium blouses that you have been looking for.

Go Unique celebrates the beautiful Indian culture and the women. It is the one-stop destination for trendy latest and unique blouses for ethnic fashion lovers.

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A Beginner-Friendly Guide to Solar Charge Controllers

A Beginner-Friendly Guide to Solar Charge Controllers

The solar charge controller is one of the most crucial components of a home solar system. Its main function is to modulate the amount of energy flowing from the solar arrays to the battery to prevent overcharge. In doing so, it ensures that the batteries are charged as efficiently as possible and eliminates the risk of a fire or an explosion in the batteries because of overcharging.

In this article, we will look at solar charge controllers to help you get a basic understanding of this essential component.

 

Luminous Solar Charge controller - 10 Amp 1 Review : Amazon.in: Garden &  Outdoors

Image Courtesy: Luminous

Types of Solar Charge Controllers 

There are two types of solar charge controllers widely in use: The PWM type solar charge controllerand the MPPT solar charge controller. Let’s have a closer look at both these types of controllers.

  1. PWM: The PWM solar charge controller, also known as Pulse Width Modulation, is a basic controller that functions as an electric switch to ensure that the amount of current flowing from the array matches the voltage of the batteries. They work by slowly reducing the amount of power that flows into the battery while it’s approaching its capacity. Once the battery has reached its capacity, the PWM controller maintains a trickle flow of power to ensure that the battery remains charged.
  1. MPPT: MPPT or Maximum Power Point Tracking charge controllers are more advanced compared to PWM controllers. Unlike a PWM charge controller, they track the flow of current in real-time to ensure maximum power generation from the solar arrays and then match that power output to the battery’s voltage. This makes them more efficient since they unleash the full potential of the solar panels. However, they are costlier, but their efficiency justifies the price.

Factors to Consider When Buying a Solar Charge Controller  

There are a few things that you need to consider when buying a solar charge controller, such as:

Voltage Rating 

Ensure that the max input and output voltage of the solar charge controller is either equal to or greater than the array and battery bank voltage you possess. Most 12V panels can produce up to 21V; however, they operate at 18V. So, when you are buying a solar charge controller, make sure that they are designed to handle the full range.

Safety Features

Charge controllers play a critical role in ensuring the safety of your off-grid solar power system. While most of the charge controllers come with overcharge protection, you should ideally look for additional safety features like:

  • Protection Against Under Voltage- Under-voltage can be damaging for batteries; therefore, get a charge controller that can disconnect the load before the batteries incur any damage because of over-discharge.
  • Overcharge Protection– It’s a crucial safety feature because overcharges can result in short circuits.
  • Low-temperature Cut-Off- This comes in handy when the batteries are too cold to be able to operate at safe levels. 

Temperature Compensation

You must get a charge controller that can compensate for temperatures if the batteries are in an unheated compartment or are partially heated, and there is a risk of the temperature dropping below 60-degree Fahrenheit. Solar charge controllers that come with temperature compensation can significantly increase the lifespan of your batteries.

Additionally, always ensure that you invest in the highest-grade solar charge controllers for your home solar system as that will increase the overall efficiency and service life of the entire system.

It’s best to choose branded charge controllers that are known for their efficiency and value for money. In case you are looking for some of the best solar charge controllers in the market, you should check out the exceptional range of solar charge controllers by Luminous. They have been market leaders in the solar category, and all their products are designed using the highest-grade components. So, in case you are hunting for the best solar charge controllers you can buy, do check out their range right away!

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A Comprehensive Guide To Use A Term Plan Calculator

A Comprehensive Guide To Use A Term Plan Calculator

An insurance plan is a great scheme that gives life cover with several other benefits. If the insurance policy is from a trustworthy insurance provider, one could always rely on it. It will protect their family from financial troubles in their absence.

Finding a good term plan is in itself a challenging task. With plenty of insurance providers and policies, selecting the perfect one will be like finding a needle in a haystack. But, with the right tools, you can easily find suitable term plan insurance. A term plan calculator is one such tool. But before you go into the term plan calculator, first understand term plan insurance.

Know How to Use Term Life Insurance Calculator to Your Advantage

Features of A Term Plan Insurance

A term plan insurance is an insurance policy that gives life cover for a pre-defined term. You can decide how long the term should be on the basis of your requirement. Some insurance agencies cap the maximum age limit at 70 according to the guidelines of IRDA. And some of them provide lifetime term plans.

A term plan insurance is extremely beneficial for individuals who are the sole breadwinners of their families. You could understand other benefits of term plan insurance from its features. The given below are some of the distinguishable features of a term plan insurance.

  • Affordable
  • Money-back Policy
  • Multiple Options to Receive Assured Sum
  • Rider Benefits
  • Tax Relaxations
  • Critical Medical Cover

Term Plan Calculator

A term plan calculator is a tool that helps you select the perfect term plan insurance. Most insurance providers have a term plan calculator in one capacity or other on their websites. They provide the exact term plan premium amount.

Most term plan calculators use personal information and preferences to find a suitable plan. They provide various plans to the user to compare and choose. The term insurance comparison helps the user find the best plan fromthe suggested options.

Step-by-step Instruction for a Term Plan Calculator

A term plan calculator is very easy to use. And it gives you results in a matter of time. You could easily understand the functions by just looking at them. But some points require explanation. Here you will find the detailed information of every field and input found in a common term plan calculator.

Age: Input the current age.

Gender: Input the gender.

Nicotine/Tobacco User: Input whether the insured person is a nicotine/tobacco user or not. Every term plan calculator has this field.

Premium Payment Mode: Choose the interval between two premium payments in this field. There are options of a single payment, monthly, bi-annual, annual, and multi-annual payment options. You can even manually input the gap between two premiums.

Premium Payment Term: You have to choose your desired duration premium payments in this field. You can choose for how many years you would like to pay premiums.

Policy Term: In this field, you have to select the validity of your term plan insurance. Depending on your need, you can choose between a single year, 5 years, 10 years, or more. And if the insurance provider has no term renewal, you can even choose lifetime validity. You can choose a different policy term no matter what premium payment term you selected. For example, the separate fields of payment term and policy term will help you have a policy for 10 years while paying only for 5 years.

Assured Sum: In this field of the term plan calculator, you must input the expected sum you want from the policy. Some good insurance providers have options to select up to 2 crores assured sum.

Add-ons: In the add-ons section, the term plan calculator will have different extra coverages along with the life cover. You can select any covers from the options. Every cover will also mention its respective price.

Riders: Another field of term plan calculator is the addition of Riders. With this feature, you can add different riders. They can be your spouse or other close family members. You can save a lot of money on such group policies compared to individual policies. If you choose to add any rider, you will also have to fill in a few extra personal details.

Calculate: After filling all the fields, press the calculate button at the bottom of the term plan calculator.

Results: Now, the calculator will show you results in the form of a premium amount for this personalized plan that you created. It will also show other suitable plans which cater to your needs.

If you are content with the premium amount, you can move ahead with purchasing the term insurance. But if you are not satisfied, you could always modify the inputs till you get a suitable premium amount and term insurance.

Conclusion

After the selection process comes the document submission, policy approval and other formalities. Some insurance providers even ask the insured persons to submit a medical health check-up report. It is to make sure you are healthy at the policy joining time. And if the policy gets approval after the verification, you can pay the premium. The insurance provider will then send the policy documents by mail.

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