Pakistanis overwhelmingly prayed for India at Covid-19 peak: Study


Islamabad, July 3 | Most Pakistanis expressed supportive sentiments towards their Indian neighbours when the latter was reeling under a severe second Covid-19 wave, said an artificial intelligence (AI)-driven study.

The research focused on tweets expressing kindness, empathy and solidarity. It found out that most tweets that were posted by Pakistani citizens between 21 April and 4 May were positive, the Geo TV reported.

Led by Ashique KhudaBukhsh, the team of researchers at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) based their study on 300,000 tweets. The team accepted only the tweets with the three biggest trending hashtags: #IndiaNeedsOxygen, #PakistanStandsWithIndia and #EndiaSaySorryToKashmir. Of them, 55,712 tweets came from Pakistan, 46,651 from India and the remaining were posted from the rest of the world.

With the help of an artificial intelligence tool, “hope speech classifier”, they found Pakistani tweets containing supportive hashtags were by far more than those containing non-supportive hashtags. The study found that these tweets received more likes and retweets as well.

More than 85 per cent of the tweets posted about the Covid crisis in India from Pakistan were supportive, the research found.

“Our research showed that there’s a universality in how people express emotions. If you search randomly, you’ll find positive tweets a little over 44 per cent of the time. Our method throws up positive tweets 83 per cent of the time,” KhudaBukhsh said.

At a time when Indians were panicked about the raging Covid-19 wave, they received support and solidarity from across the border. Some people justified Pakistan’s helpful outpouring as the country itself was also faced with an infectious outbreak.

“The situation here was pretty bad too. Our hope was getting thinner and thinner. Our enemy was the same, our borders are so close and we get impacted by whatever happens,” said Prof Arifa Zehra, who teaches history in Lahore.

“A pandemic doesn’t recognise borders, whether they are geographical or ideological. And when the dark cloud is sneering at you, there’s no harm in sharing a prayer.”

Prof Zehra also termed these positive tweets as “the greatest reassurance that we are still human”.

KhudaBukhsh expressed hope for better relations between communities and countries if this method of identifying and amplifying positive messages is employed. “When a country is going through a national health crisis like a pandemic, words of hope can be a welcome medicine and the last thing you want to see is negativity,” he highlighted.

“There are several studies that show that if you’re exposed to too much hate speech or negative content, you get influenced by it.”

KhudaBukhsh suggested using this AI-driven method to curb hate speech. “When there’s a negative situation, such as in times of war or a health crisis, instead of blocking the content, an alternative approach can be to highlight the positive content,” he underscored.

“It will help reinforce the belief that people on the other side of the aisle are kinder.”

KhudaBukhsh also suggested building up a robust system that highlights kindness in others before an opposite system is deployed that may censor empathetic content.

Source: IANS

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Weekly Technical Share Market Outlook

Weekly Technical Share Market Outlook

The Indian market recovered with modest gain against the resilient global cues. Throughout the week, Sensex traded in a narrow range following an uneven move. Sensex ended at 54884.66 gaining 558 points or 1.03 percent while Nifty settled at 16352.45 with 86 points or 0.53 percent on a weekly basis. While Banknifty ended at 35613.30 levels with strong bounce with an upside of 3.90 percent in a week.

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INDIA VIX has cooled off during the week with 7.01 percent and has settled at 21.48 levels. Investors and traders may watch out key events such as the RBI meet in the second week as well as the US Fed meeting likely to be on 14-15 June for monthly expiry. As corporate results are likely to end soon stocks would expect less volatility in upcoming days. In Nifty stocks, HDFCLIFE gained 9.61 percent while DIVISLAB shed 18.41 percent in a week. Sectorally Nifty Finance saw the highest gains of 4.32 percent followed by the Nifty Auto with 3.26 percent. On the flip side Nifty Pharma, Energy, Realty and PSE lose more than 3 percent each on a weekly basis. However Midcap gained 0.77 percent while Smal lcap dropped by 3.42 percent.

Technically, Nifty has formed a bullish candle on the weekly chart with a long tail suggesting strong support around 15900 levels, while on the upside 16800 may act as strong resistance. Index has taken support from the previous horizontal line & closed above 21-days Simple Moving Averages that indicates further pullback rally in the near term.

Indicators such as RSI remained in the neutral zone while MACD suggest some positive cross over observed in daily time frame suggest some sign of reversal. Coming to the OI Data, on the call side the highest OI witnessed was 16500 followed by 16800 strike prices while on the put side, the highest OI was at 16000 strike price. Overall, Nifty is having support at 16000 mark while on the upside 16500 followed by 16750 may act as an immediate resistance. While Bank nifty has support around 34300 while resistance is placed at 36800 on weekly chart.

Om Mehera
Research Associates
Choices Broking

Souce: Choice India


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