Myanmar junta urged to free protesters, journos, restore media licenses


By Anwesha Bhaumik
Kolkata, July 20 |
IFEX, the global network of over 100 organisations dedicated to defending the freedom of expression and information, has urged Myanmars military junta to drop all charges under its repressive censorship legislation, Penal Code section 505A, and to immediately release all the detained protesters and journalists.

IFEX has also called for the restoration of media licenses to its member Mizzima News and other media outlets who have played an essential role in shedding light on the violence inflicted by the junta against their own people.

At least 897 people have been killed and over 6,500 arrested, charged or sentenced since the February 1 coup.

Shortly after seizing power, the junta amended section 505A to criminalise comments that supposedly “cause fear”, spread misinformation, or incite crimes against government employees.

Offences under section 505A are non-bailable and subject to arrest without a warrant, with a guilty charge punishable by up to three years in prison.

Legal experts have highlighted how the legislation has been used widely against opponents of military rule.

“This legislation is typical of how repressive regimes the world over seek to silence critics, limit civic space and threaten the safety and freedom of expression of journalists and media outlets,” stated IFEX Executive Director Annie Game.

“With the junta continuing to perpetrate violence against their own people, access to reliable information has never been so important. All charges under section 505A should be dropped, all protesters and journalists freed, and media licenses restored so that our colleagues at Mizzima News and other outlets can operate freely.”

Addressing a recent session of the UN Human Rights Council, Thomas H. Andrews, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of Human Rights in Myanmar, described how the military junta continues to stifle freedom of expression, including by “using criminal defamation charges to target journalists, human rights defenders, and civil society leaders”.

Speaking at the same session, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet labelled the situation in Myanmar as a “multi-dimensional human rights catastrophe”, that requires immediate action.

She pointed to the silencing of civil voices, the arrests of journalists, and the shuttering of media outlets, and highlighted “multiple reports of enforced disappearances; brutal torture and deaths in custody; and the arrest of relatives or children in lieu of the person being sought”.

IFEX has particularly called for restoring the license for its member organisation Mizzima News, which has been one of the many targets of these attacks.

Since the coup, Mizzima has been outlawed and their offices raided. Despite these threats, the organisation has continued to operate, oppose the coup, and call for the restoration of democracy.

In response, the military junta has charged 18 Mizzima staff members and journalists under section 505A, including Ko Zaw Zaw, the Myeik-based freelance reporter who was sentenced to two years in prison.

Women human rights defenders and journalists have been at particular risk of arrest under the legislation.

On April 8, Thin Thin Aung, co-founder of Mizzima, was arrested in Yangon along with James Pu Thoure, a Mizzima staff member.

Her house was ransacked, her computer seized and the entirety of her and her news outlet’s funds taken away. Both of them were taken to Mingalardon interrogation centre (Yay Kyi Aing) for two weeks, before being transferred to Yangon’s Insein prison on April 21.

Thin Thin Aung remains in prison to this day, charged under section 505A. Her next court hearing is scheduled for July 28.

There have been numerous calls for her release, including from a group of Nobel Peace Prize Laureates, with concerns being expressed over her health and high risk of torture.

IFEX member organisations across the Asia-Pacific region and the globe have expressed their strong condemnation of the coup and support for those struggling for their rights.

Updates from the developing situation in Myanmar are available on the websites of IFEX and Mizzima.

Source: IANS

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Don’t get confused with your purpose and passion as both go well together

Passion as well as purpose both goes hand in hand. Purpose defines the passion in life. If you are passionate about something then there will be a purpose behind it. And if you feel that you are passionate about something but you are not able to find the purpose behind it then please do self-analysis. There is surely something that you are missing out on. Munish Maya in his Instagram post took out few minutes to write about Purpose and Passion, as he feels that it is an important topic to be discussed with everyone. Mr. Maya started writing his post by making a statement, “Many people confuse passion with purpose. Others struggle to find both.”

Self-analyzing is a very tough job and it’s completely natural to get confused. Solving this problem Munish Maya says, “Passion & purpose are distinct. Passion is the drive, the energy that makes us feel good. Like they say, ‘do what you love.” People follow their passion to live a stress-free life where they can enjoy whatever the work they are doing. It is well said, ‘Follow your passion and there will not be a single day when you will have to work.’ Whereas the most asked question in relevance to passion, ‘What is the purpose?’ is answered very well by Munish

Maya in his same post, “Your purpose is the reason, your ‘Why’ behind what you do.” 

Passion and purpose go hand in hand. Munish Maya says, “From over a decade, I experienced, learned, evolved & developed new passions. They have changed my life & perspective in a great way.” Passion serves the purpose of life. Munish Maya himself followed his passion when he realized that he cannot do a 9-5 profile job, and look at him now, he is the 1st Global Brand Ambassador of India. His passion leads him to define the purpose of his life. The only purpose of Munish Maya’s life is to serve people by guiding and enlightening them about their lives.

This confusion between passion and purpose is not for the lifetime. To which Munish Maya explained by saying, “But the sweet spot is where your passion & purpose align.

One fuels your internal drive while the other maximizes your outward impact.” When both purpose and passion start to align then you will start gaining success and positivity in life.

Munish Maya describes it more beautifully, “And in the path of manifestation, Purpose fuels Passion. By focusing on your purpose, you align your work with your deepest drive- your passion.” If you are passionate about something in your life, then the purpose of your life is served.

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CAT 2021 Registration Process to End on 15th Sep

CAT 2021 Registration Process to End on 15th Sep

CAT 2021: 6 days left to apply for this entrance Exam for admission into IIMs, IITs, FMS, MDI, SPJIMR and other top Business Schools.

IIM, Ahmedabad is going to close the CAT registration 2021 window on Sep 15, 2021. Going by trends however, they may extend the application date by another week or two.

The Common Admission Test (CAT) is scheduled to be held on Nov 28. The Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (IIM A), conducting the CAT exam 2021, will close the CAT 2021 registration on Sep 15. Candidates seeking MBA admission 2022-23, 2022-24 batch and interested in appearing for IIM CAT 2021 can fill up the CAT application form.

The CAT applications 2021 is available only in online mode at the official CAT website.  For completing the CAT registration process, candidates will have to pay a CAT application fee of INR 2200.00 for the general category and INR 1100.00 for the reserved category.

Only 7 days left to apply for the CAT Exam, it is the most popular management entrance exam of India. IIMs, IITs, FMS, MDI Gurgaon, SPJIMR, IMT Ghaziabad, XIM University, IMI Delhi, MICA, FORE School of Management, TAPMI, GIM Goa, LIBA, GLIM,  NIRMA, IFMR GSB, LBSIM and other top Business Schools accepting CAT Score. IIM Ahmedabad, IIM C, IIM Lucknow, XIM University, GLIM and other B Schools open applications for 2022-24 batch.

Select from 150+ MBA Colleges shortlist and Apply here,

CAT 2021 eligibility criteria

  • Academic qualification: Candidates should have a Graduation/ Bachelor’s degree in any stream from a recognized University/ Institute. Final year students are also eligible to apply for CAT 2021.
  • To be eligible for the CAT exam 2021, 50% marks (45% for SC/ ST/ PwD) in Graduation/ Bachelor’s degree was mandatory. However, due to the pandemic situation in the country, some changes have been made in this regard:
    • Candidates in the final year: Students with “promotion/ pass” instead of “award of marks” certificates in any of the last two years of the bachelor’s degree can enter the “Promotion or Pass” option in the CAT application form. It will allow the student to complete and submit the CAT 2021 application form. This eligibility relaxation is also applicable to those final year students with an “award” of marks.
    • Candidates graduated in 2020 and 2021: Due to the implementation of the above point, and considering that there could be different evaluation patterns adopted by different institutes/ universities across the country due to the COVID pandemic, the CAT committee has decided to remove the minimum percentage of marks criterion (50% and 45% [or equivalent CGPA] respectively) for the CAT 2021 exam.

About CAT 2021 The Common Admission Test CAT 2021 is a national level management entrance exam that is mandatory to take for admission into respective IIMs , IIT and over 1000+ B-schools across the country. CAT Exam 2021 will be conducted as a computer-based test in three sessions at over 420 test centres in 158 cities across the country. The CAT question paper comprises questions from Verbal Ability & Reading Comprehension (VARC), Quantitative Aptitude (QA), and Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning (DILR). Students can expect the difficulty level of the CAT exam 2021 will be moderate to high.

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“Impact of Pandemic on Organisations” to be published in ‘Abhigyan’- peer-reviewed, journal of Foundation for Organisational Research and Education’ (FORE)

“Impact of Pandemic on Organisations” to be published in ‘Abhigyan’- peer-reviewed, journal of Foundation for Organisational Research and Education’ (FORE)

The outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic has impacted organizations, industries, and businesses worldwide. It has applied a sudden brake on the organization’s function, compelling them to look for and adopt newer ways of survival. Organizations are also experiencing significant changes in personnel behaviors, which have further impacted organizational performance and outputs. It has led to the transformation of the working environment processes and procedures, communication and personnel relations, operational, and financial management, etc.

In response to the above, “Abhigyan which is a peer-reviewed, double-blind (refereed) quarterly Management Journal of the ‘Foundation for Organisational Research and Education (FORE), focusing on management and organizational research, is publishing a special thematic issue titled “Impact of Pandemic on Organisations” to record the effect of Covid-19 on the functions and activities of the organizations.

It shall cover original research articles and review studies related to sub-themes of challenges and opportunities for organizations, organizational performance management, impact on international students, government policies to help MSMEs, and unforeseen consequences of a pandemic on organizational development.

Abhigyan”, which has been published since 1983, provides an appropriate platform for readers across all domains for the exchange of ideas. In the present case, this issue with its focus on Covid-19 is intended to help the readers to have further awareness of the impact of the pandemic on various aspects of business and organizational management. It is hoped that this will be a welcome addition to the growing body of academic and organizational research on the post-Covid-19 business environment and help in finding ways and means to respond to the challenges emanating from it effectively.


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