New Delhi, April 7 | By 2030, Indias market capitalisation could grow to $6.4 trillion in line with GDP growth, an annual increase of 10 per cent, as per Morgan Stanley estimates.
The research by Morgan Stanley said over the past two and half decades, India’s GDP has risen 11-fold and equity market cap has risen 30 times.
In 1993, when foreign portfolio investors were first allowed to buy Indian stocks, India’s GDP and market cap stood at $260 billion and $90 billion, respectively.
Since then FPIs have bought a cumulative $217 billion In the 27 years since then, India’s GDP has risen 11-fold to $2,870 billion, an average annual real growth rate of 6.5 per cent.
The country’s equity market capitalisation has increased by over 13 per cent annually to $2.7 trillion. The MSCI India index has outperformed the MSCI Emerging Market index by a factor of 2.
“If our growth projections were to come to fruition, India’s economy would pass the $6.4 trillion mark by 2030, with per capita income at $4,279 – reaching the upper middle income country threshold. This implies a real GDP growth of 6 per cent and nominal growth of 10-10.5 per cent,” Morgan Stanley said.
A key ingredient to the forecast is our estimate that manufacturing as a share of GDP will rise from approximately 15 per cent of GDP currently to 20 per cent by F2030, implying that its goes from $400 billion to $1,175 billion.
The note said that the thrust toward a manufacturing-led growth will set in motion the virtuous cycle of productive growth of higher investment – job creation – income growth – higher saving – higher investment and India would be one of the few large economies offering high nominal productive growth.
“The stars appear aligned for a new profit cycle. For an economy that is likely to grow at a nominal rate of 10 per cent per annum, if the profit share in GDP hits its long term average of 3.5 per cent over the next five years from its all-time low current level, it gives us an annual com-pounded growth in earnings of 23 per cent for the broad market,” Morgan Stanley said.
Morgan Stanley said by 2030, India’s market capitalization could grow to $6.4 trillion in line with GDP growth, an annual increase of 10 per cent. With accelerating earnings and reasonable relative valuations, trailing under-performance in the past five years and strong policy traction, India seems set to beat EM equity returns in the ensuing five years.
“To be sure, the journey toward a $6 trillion GDP and market cap is not without its challenges and risks. We see risks to our base case from the global growth environment, and delivery and execution of policy reforms required to support the medium-term growth trajectory,” it added.