New Delhi, Jan 2 | Lockdown measures in some of the key export markets subdued India’s merchandise exports in December 2020 by 0.80 per cent to $26.89 billion from $27.11 billion in December 2019, preliminary data showed on Saturday.
“India’s merchandise exports in December 2020 totalled $26.89 billion, compared with $27.11 billion in December 2019, a marginal fall of 0.80 per cent,” a Ministry of Commerce and Industry statement said on the basis of preliminary data.
“Exports during April-December 2020-21 were worth $200.55 billion, compared with $238.27 billion during the same period last year, exhibiting a negative growth of 15.8 per cent.”
However, in December 2020, the value of non-petroleum exports stood at $24.73 billion, registering a positive growth of 5.33 per cent on YoY basis.
Similarly, the value of non-petroleum and non-gems and jewellery exports in December 2020 stood at $22.15 billion compared with $21.06 billion in December 2019, registering a positive growth of 5.17 per cent. On the other hand, India’s merchandise imports grew by 7.6 per cent in December to $42.60 billion from $39.59 billion during the corresponding month of the previous year.
In December 2020, oil worth $9.61 billion was imported, compared with $10.72 billion in December 2019, a decline by 10.37 per cent.
“Non-oil imports in December 2020 totalled an estimated USD 33 billion, compared with USD 28.88 billion in December 2019, showing an increase of 14.27 per cent.”
“Non-oil, non-GJ (gold, silver & precious metals) worth USD 26.10 billion were imported in December 2020, recording a positive growth of 8.42 per cent, compared with non-oil and non-GJ imports totalling USD 24.07 billion in December 2019.”
Consequently, India’s trade deficit widened by 25.78 per cent to $15.71 billion from $12.49 billion reported for the like period of last year.
“The sharp step up in the value of merchandise imports to $42.6 billion, widened India’s merchandise trade deficit to US$15.7 billion, the highest level since November 2018,” said ICRA Principal Economist Aditi Nayar.
“The recovery in imports reinforces our expectation that the current account surplus will deflate to sub-$5 billion in H2 FY2021.”
EEPC India Chairman Mahesh Desai said while domestic economy is showing sure signs of bounce back, there is still a rough sail for exports in the global market.
“This is despite roll out of Covid 19 vaccine in several parts of the world,” said Desai.
According to FIEO President Sharad Kumar Saraf, December exports also signals that our traditional and labour-intensive sectors of exports have passed the most challenging and testing times as both Christmas and New Year Season sales have shown positive trends with further improvement in coming months.
Going ahead by this trend, we expect our inventories to be liquidated, adding further to the overall demand, observed Saraf.
In addition, Emkay Global’s Lead Economist Madhavi Arora said: “The normalisation in trade deficit is an encouraging indication of recovery in domestic demand, in line with other high frequency data like GST, rail freight and car sales etc. Meanwhile exports may see some downward pressure amid renewed lockdowns in Europe and the US.”
“We see FY21 BoP in surplus of $96 billion helped by surplus in current account and solid FPI and FDI inflows.”