Eating 20% less beef may halve deforestation by 2050: Study

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London, May 5 | Substituting 20 per cent of beef with microbial protein — a meat alternative produced in fermentation tanks — could halve deforestation by 2050, suggests a study.

The study by a team at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) in Germany showed that fungi-based meat alternatives may help save Earth’s forests.

While beef farming is a top driver of deforestation worldwide, more and more forests that store a lot of carbon are being cleared for cattle grazing or growing its feed. This also increases methane — a more potent greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide.

Thus, eating 20 per cent less meat may also halve the carbon emissions associated with beef, revealed the study published in Nature.

“The food system is at the root of a third of global greenhouse gas emissions, with ruminant meat production being the single largest source,” said lead author Florian Humpenoder, researcher at PIK.

Part of the solution could be existing biotechnology: nutritious protein-rich biomass with meat-like texture produced from microbes like fungi through fermentation, what scientists call “microbial protein”.

It is made in specific cultures just like beer or bread. The microbes are living on sugar and a steady temperature, and getting out a protein-rich product that can taste like, feel like and be as nutritious as red meat.

Based on the centuries-old method of fermentation, it was developed in the 1980s. The US Food and Drug Administration greenlighted a microbial protein meat alternative (mycoprotein) as safe in 2002.

“The good news is that people do not need to be afraid they can eat only greens in the future. They can continue eating burgers and the like, it’s just that those burger patties will be produced in a different way.”

The team of researchers from Germany and Sweden included microbial protein in a computer simulation model to detect the environmental effects in the context of the whole food and agriculture system, as opposed to previous studies at the level of single products.

Under a business-as-usual scenario, meat consumption will likely continue to rise in the future, and more and more forests as well as non-forest natural vegetation may be doomed to extinction for pastures and cropland.

The team found that swapping 20 per cent of the world’s per-capita beef consumption with mycoprotein by 2050 would reduce methane emissions by 11 per cent and halve the annual deforestation and associated emissions.

At the same time substituting “50 per cent of the beef consumed per person for mycoprotein would result in a more than 80 per cent reduction in deforestation and carbon emissions, and replacing 80 per cent of beef with mycoprotein would eliminate about 90 per cent of forest loss,” the researchers said in the paper.

“So replacing minced red meat with microbial protein would be a great start to reduce the detrimental impacts of present-day beef production,” Humpenoder added.

Source: IANS

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Weekly Technical Share Market Outlook

Weekly Technical Share Market Outlook

The Indian market recovered sharply on the last trading day amid the weekend after a continuous fall. Market has managed to halt above 16000 Nifty levels after continuous losing streak. Index reacted violently, grasping Indian as well as global factors throughout the week. Simultaneously, Inflation is catching up and profit margins are taking a hit.

 

Sensex advanced 1532 points or 2.90 percent while Nifty gained 484 points or 3.07 percent in a week. Simultaneously, Bank nifty has overcome bear’s dominance ending the session with 3.49 percent gain. Sectorally,Nifty Metal saw the highest gains of 7.40 percent followed by the Realty and Auto added over 4% gain. On the flip side Nifty IT tumbled 2.82 percent on weekly basis. Midcap and Small Cap measures rising nearly 2 percent as well.

In Nifty stock, EICHERMOT gained 11.31% while TECHM lost 5.98% on a weekly basis. INDIA VIX closes at 23.10 suggests volatility driven market is going to remain intact. Coming to the OI Data, on the call side highest OI witnessed at 17000 Nifty followed by 16800 Nifty strike price while on the put side, the highest OI was at 16000 Nifty followed by 15800 Nifty strike price. Technically, Nifty has formed a Tweezer Bottom type pattern in the weekly chart suggesting a short term buying rally may drive the market until monthly expiry. On the daily chart, price has rebounded from the lower Bollinger band as well.

Momentum indicators MACD & Stochastic were trading with a positive crossover & reversed from oversold zone. However, Index is still struggling to get the support of 50 Simple Moving Average in daily chart. Short term investors and traders are advised to work with option strategies to neutralize the volatility. Overall, Nifty is having support at 15700 mark while on the upside 16700 followed by 16500 may act as an immediate resistance. While Bank nifty has support around 32500 while resistance is placed at 36000 on weekly chart.

Sumeet Bagadia
Executive Director
Choice Broking

Source: Choice India

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