Appearance, social norms keep students off Zoom cameras


New York, Jan 20 | Ever thought why some students do not turn on their video cameras during online classes on Zoom? Because they may be more concerned about their privacy or how they look, researchers said in a new study.

The findings indicate that while some students had concerns about the lack of privacy or their home environment, 41 per cent of the 276 respondents cited their appearance as the reason for keeping their cameras off.

“Students enjoy seeing each other when they work in groups. And the instructors like seeing the students, because it’s a way to assess whether or not they understand the material. But when we switched to online learning, that component got lost. We wanted to investigate the reasons for that,” said researcher Mark Sarvary from the Cornell University in the US.

For the study published in the journal ‘Ecology and Evolution’, the researchers surveyed 312 students in the class at the end of the semester to figure out why they weren’t using their cameras — and try to come up with ways to turn that trend around.

More than half of those who selected “other” as their reason for keeping their cameras off explained that it was the norm. This suggested that explicitly encouraging camera use could boost participation without adverse effects, the researchers said.

“We felt it would create an undue burden and add stress in an already stressful time to require the cameras to be on, and we found this could disproportionately affect certain groups of students, such as underrepresented minorities,” said researcher Frank Castelli from the varsity.

In the survey, the team found that among underrepresented minorities, 38 per cent said they were concerned about other people being seen behind them, while 26 per cent were concerned about their physical location being visible; while among non-underrepresented minorities, 24 per cent were worried about people behind them and 13 per cent about their physical locations.

“It’s a more inclusive and equitable strategy to not require the cameras but to instead encourage them, such as through active learning exercises,” Castelli noted.

Source: IANS

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From being a developer to a CEO in California, Manthan Dudeja's top tips to make money while you're still in college

From being a developer to a CEO in California, Manthan Dudeja's top tips to make money while you're still in college

Gone are the days when one had to finish school, college and subsequent years in getting trained to be able to sustain oneself with decent income. Today, what you earn eventually depends upon your skillset and how early you got started to build an expertise in your domain.

Manthan Dudeja, who currently lives in California and is still in his graduation years, understood the perks of starting early and is now a CEO who has worked across a plethora of jobs, from IoS programming to website development and blogging to trying his hand at Amazon Associates.

In conversation with this dynamic entrepreneur, let’s decode the various options for freshers to make a side income while they are still in school/college –

  • Content writer/Editor

Manthan explains how he started off by writing for blogs with whatever knowledge he had and with the help of internet, this could be by either writing for your own online blog, for instance Manthan was interested in Tech, so he was writing for his blog ‘TechCrack‘ or for someone else in the capacity of a content writer.

It’s not difficult to get started if you have the basic understanding to develop a ‘flow’ while writing a piece and the skill to write what suits your target audience.

  • Software developers/ Programmers/ Coders – Today, software/app developers are earning more than the average of $60 an hour by working remotely. There are a host of online paid/free platforms providing trainings to acquire such skills, Manthan has been an app/website developer for the longest time and by far, this skill has given him the best results for his work.
  • Digital Marketer/ E-Marketer-

Your journey to become a digital marketer starts the day you take the step of self-educating yourself and learning the tricks to attract potential customers either by way of Google, Facebook, or any other digital platform by a host of scalable ways on the internet, undoubtedly, digital marketing is the hottest online work from home concept of this decade.

Manthan is today a successful digital marketer who has equipped himself with the advanced knowledge of online ads on various mediums and has effectively used these skills to generate incredible revenue over time.

These are some of the best ways to get started, according to Manthan, all


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